Category Archives: Antitrust

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Vertical Agreements: Permitted Passive Sales and Public Procurement in the EU

Under EU competition law, it is allowed in most vertical agreements to grant distributors exclusivity for a territory or customer group. Selective distribution is the well-known exception, where no geographic restrictions may be imposed on any level in the selective network. The EU’s Vertical Block Exemption Regulation (VBER) allows suppliers to restrict active sales by … Continue Reading

Commercial Agents: The Risks of Non-Control

Enterprises in a wide range of markets and industries have long used commercial agents to solicit business, collect payments, and take care of local matters. Such agents are hired for their local or market expertise and to deal with issues that exporting or importing enterprises cannot easily handle from their headquarters. Economically and legally, they … Continue Reading
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