Continue Reading Progress Towards EU Control of Non-EU Subsidies: EU White Paper of 17 June 2020

Een franchiseovereenkomst is een samenwerkingsovereenkomst waarbij de franchisegever en de franchisenemer afspreken dat de franchisenemer tegen vergoeding een licentie verkrijgt om de franchiseformule (naam, stijl, producten en/of diensten) van de
Continue Reading Hoe ver reikt de informatieplicht van de franchisegever in de precontractuele fase?

Under EU competition law, it is allowed in most vertical agreements to grant distributors exclusivity for a territory or customer group. Selective distribution is the well-known exception, where no geographic
Continue Reading Vertical Agreements: Permitted Passive Sales and Public Procurement in the EU

Mergers or other transactions that bring about change-of-control over businesses with an impact on the relevant markets (“concentrations”) in the European Union, when exceeding the relevant national or EU merger-filing thresholds, require prior notification to and a review by the relevant national authority or with the European Commission (the Commission). Failure to notify such planned concentrations before completion (“gun jumping”) is often not intentional but rather the result of a mistake made by either a party or its advisors. Gun jumping generally occurs in one or more of the following circumstances:

  • a misinterpretation, whether a letter of intent or other prearrangement, de facto transfers control over a company prior to completion;
  • failure to acknowledge whether an acquisition of a minority stake in a company de facto gives control; or
  • a misperception of what constitutes negative control in certain multiparty situations, like joint ventures.

Continue Reading Can 1 Mistake Result in 2 (Expensive) Infringements?